Kennebunk's Comprehensive Plan outlines a vision for the future of the Town. It is the framework for zoning and ordinances and provides guidance to public and private decision-makers regarding the development of the Town. The Comprehensive Plan Committee has just completed a first draft of an updated Comprehensive Plan.
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- Chapter 1: Population (PDF): Population data shows that the average Kennebunk resident is older than the average Mainer. It is estimated that the full time population of over 11,000 increases to 20,000 residents in the Summer months. Household incomes are higher than the rest of the State, but high housing costs may consume greater proportions of household budgets, relative to other Maine towns.
- Chapter 2: Housing (PDF): The Housing Chapter contains statistics on places that people live in Town including current supply, condition, cost, and affordability. Rising housing prices impose higher monthly costs on Kennebunk’s households, and these rising costs limit the opportunities for young working families to move to Town and for aging residents to remain in Town.
- Chapter 3: Local Economy (PDF): The Local Economy Chapter contains information about employment and wages for the Kennebunk region. Tourism is an important factor in Kennebunk’s economy and it creates a number of jobs, but these jobs are seasonal and can also be lower paying. In 2017, 3 of the 5 largest employers in Kennebunk were based in the healthcare sector.
- Chapter 4: Natural Resources (PDF): The Natural Resources Chapter inventories the irreplaceable features of the community such as: wetlands, wildlife habitat, beaches, and aquifers. The Kennebunk and Mousam Rivers are important recreation areas providing fishing and swimming opportunities for the Town. There are a significant number of high value wetlands within Kennebunk and as housing costs increase, the demand to impact these resources in order to provide buildable land for development will grow.
- Chapter 5: Public Utilities (PDF): The Public Utilities chapter documents and profiles these services available to Kennebunk residents. Public Sewer is unavailable to homes built West of Interstate 95 in Kennebunk, and the cost of extending this service may be too high to ever be provided within that area. The limited availability of public sewer in West Kennebunk may be a limiting factor to future development.
- Chapter 6: Transportation (PDF): The Transportation chapter of the Comprehensive Plan documents the Town’s roads, bridges, and commuting habits. The Town of Kennebunk has adopted a "Complete Streets" policy, which means that future roads will be built to accommodate cars, bicycles, and pedestrians. The expanded summer population creates increased road and parking congestion.The aging population of Kennebunk may create an increased need for alternative transportation services such as ride shares and mass transit.
- Chapter 7: Municipal Facilities (PDF): The municipal facilities chapter creates an inventory of municipal staffing, their locations and responsibilities.
- Chapter 8: History, Archaeological and Cultural Resources (PDF): This chapter provides a brief history of Kennebunk and creates an inventory of historic and cultural resources within the Town. Summer Street was the first historic district established in the State of Maine in 1963. One of the most famous, historic properties in Kennebunk is the Wedding Cake House, which is also the most photographed house in Maine. Kennebunk will need to develop strategies to preserve the cultural and historic heritage of the community while balancing the demand for growth and development.
- Chapter 9: Marine Resources (PDF): The Marine Resources chapter provides information about the Kennebunk Harbor and public recreation access to rivers and beaches. There are 27 commercial lobster boats registered for commercial moorings at the Kennebunk Harbor. Shellfish harvesting has been prohibited in Kennebunk since 2009 due to pollution concerns. Kennebunk has three beaches: Goochs, Middle and Mother’s, that are open to the public.
- Chapter 10: Climate Change & Sea Level Rise (PDF): The Climate Change and Sea Level Rise chapter identifies concerns associated with rising global temperatures that are causing sea level rise; changes in storm intensity; and changes in animal habitat. Sea level rise and changes in storm intensity can lead to increased flooding and damaging wind that will negatively impact shoreline property and public infrastructure. Roads and evacuation routes will need to be evaluated along with potential capacity of existing storm water facilities.
- Chapter 11: Land Use & Open Space (PDF): The Land Use Chapter provides a historical perspective on how land has been developed in Kennebunk and gives an indication of areas where demand for future growth could occur. 21.5% of the Town’s land area is made up of federal, state, municipal and quasi-public open space. Kennebunk will need to continue to develop land use ordinances that direct growth into desirable areas while balancing the open space needs of the community.
- Chapter 12: Fiscal Resources (PDF): The Fiscal Resources Chapter contains information about municipal taxation, expenses, and how future municipal projects are funded. Kennebunk has a capital improvement plan that provides direction and estimated cost of future Town projects.